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European Commission

October 27, 2022

Complex laws are the price of inclusive democracy

Steffen Hurka Why are laws often so hard to understand? Steffen Hurka argues that the complexity of laws increases when political conflict becomes more intense and when decision-making becomes more inclusive. Democracies aim for compromise and the balancing of interests, and complex laws are the inevitable consequence Read more
December 17, 2021

EU solidarity requires distribution of responsibilities

Aline Bartenstein Former Commission President Juncker proclaimed that 'solidarity is the glue that keeps our Union together'. But behind this general claim, the concept of solidarity remains nebulous. A federal perspective, argues Aline Bartenstein, helps us to understand the features of solidarity between member states, and why the counter-principle of subsidiarity is necessary Read more
November 22, 2021

Bailed-out governments did not lose policy-making discretion during the Eurozone crisis

Catherine Moury Catherine Moury, Stella Ladi, Daniel Cardoso and Angie Gago argue that bailed-out governments during the Eurozone crisis exercised more leverage than assumed. Despite international market pressure and creditors’ conditionality, bailed-out governments were able to advocate, resist, shape or roll back some of the policies demanded by the EU’s Troika Read more
November 10, 2021

The state of Polish-EU relations reflects geopolitical and ideological clashes

Filip Ilkowski Relations between Poland and the EU have reached a nadir with the recent clash between the Polish Constitutional Court and the European Union Court of Justice. This conflict, argues Filip Ilkowski, reflects much deeper divisions connected to EU geopolitics and ideological clashes in Polish society Read more
November 9, 2021

An increasingly Eurosceptic French electorate threatens the EU

Giovanni Capoccia Giovanni Capoccia argues that the 2022 French Presidential elections could constitute a greater threat to the EU than any current challenge. Although unlikely at present, a Eurosceptic French President would precipitate the greatest crisis in the EU’s history – and there is still much to play for Read more
August 24, 2021

🌊 Citizens pay the highest price for illiberal governments

Akudo McGee Escalating rule of law crises in Poland and Hungary have led to calls for their expulsion from the European Union. Yet, argues Akudo McGee, such calls overlook the fact that the true losers of Polexit or Hungexit won’t be unruly governments Read more
July 21, 2021

Recent court rulings suggest that European Commission policy on tax evasion and state aid is failing

Elena Escalante Block The European Commission is losing cases related to state aid taxation in the European General Court. If the Commission continues to suffer defeat against multinationals like Amazon, Apple and Starbucks, this could undermine the authority of its decisions on state aid, argues Elena Escalante Block Read more
April 28, 2021

Blurred boundaries: the European Commission’s new role in EU security and defence cooperation 

Calle Håkansson Over the past couple of years, the EU and the European Commission have stepped up security and defence policy cooperation. Calle Håkansson argues that the European Commission's new role blurs the traditional dichotomy between intergovernmental and supranational decision-making Read more

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